Roadmap To Becoming An IPS Officer After 12th Standard

Do you aspire to become an IPS Officer and make a significant contribution to society? Becoming an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer is a prestigious and honorable role, and it is an exciting journey that begins with your 12th standard.

Overview of IPS Officer

This article will provide an overview of how to become an IPS Officer after the 12th standard, including the eligibility criteria, educational qualifications, age limit, physical standards, other requirements, selection process, and the training and service rules. So keep reading to get a comprehensive roadmap to becoming an IPS Officer!

Roadmap To Becoming An IPS Officer After 12th Standard

Eligibility Criteria

Becoming an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer is a highly sought-after career choice due to its power and prestige in the country. To become an IPS officer in India, the first step is to fulfill the eligibility criteria specified by the UPSC Recruitment Notification for the IPS Officer. The eligibility criteria for an IPS officer are as follows:

  • Age Criteria: Candidates should have completed 21 years of age and not be more than 32 years of age on the date of applying for the IPS officer application. The age criteria for reserved categories is relaxed for a few years.
  • Educational Qualification: One needs to have a Bachelor’s degree in any field from a recognized university or equivalent. It is important to have an aggregate of 50% marks in the degree to be eligible for the post.
  • Nationality: One must be an Indian citizen from any of the 7 union territories in India to become an IPS officer.
  • Character: The individual aspiring to become an IPS officer should have a good moral character and should not have any criminal record.
  • Medical Fitness: The candidate must be medically fit and should pass the medical fitness test. Also, the candidate should be physically and mentally fit.
  • Written Test: The candidate should pass the written exam conducted by the UPSC to become an IPS officer. The written test includes the following topics: the Constitution of India, the Indian Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code, the Indian Evidence Act, the Police Act, and other related laws.
  • Interview: After passing the written exam, the candidate will be called for an interview. The Interview Board consists of Members of the Service Commission. The interview will test the candidate’s intellectual, social, and moral fitness for becoming an IPS officer.
  • It is important to fulfill the necessary criteria to become an IPS officer and to pass the written exam and interview. After fulfilling the criteria and passing both tests, the candidate will be officially inducted into the IPS.

Educational Qualification

Pursuing a career as an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer is an honorable and rewarding feat, with many attractive benefits and amazing opportunities. This article aims to provide a comprehensive roadmap on educational qualification requirements for becoming an IPS officer after completing the 12th standard.

A candidate must possess a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university in any stream, to be eligible to appear for the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Exam which is the gateway to a career in the IPS. The UPSC Exam is a three-stage process that includes the Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Personality Test.

The Preliminary Examination consists of two objective-type papers of 200 marks each: General Studies Paper 1, and Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT). The General Studies paper 1 tests the candidate’s knowledge of Indian Heritage and Culture, Indian History, Indian and World Geography, Indian Polity, Economy and Environment, and General Science. The CSAT paper tests a candidate’s aptitude in logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision-making, problem-solving, basic numeracy, and English comprehension.

At the Main Examination stage, a candidate will have to appear for nine papers of conventional type, which include two qualifying papers and seven papers to be counted for the final ranking. The seven papers are two language papers, two optional papers, two General Studies papers, and one essay paper. Note that the two language papers are qualifying in nature and are not counted for merit.

The two optional papers can be chosen either from the list of optional subjects provided by UPSC, or the candidate may choose any two subjects of their choice which are available in the list of optional subjects. These optional subjects are of 300 marks each.

The two General Studies papers consist of topics like Indian History, Indian and World Geography, Indian Polity and Governance, Economic and Social Development, and International Relations. Lastly, the essay paper tests a candidate’s proficiency in essay writing skills and includes topics like Current events of national and international importance, Contemporary social issues, and other topics related to Indian and World History.

Finally, the Personality Test is the last stage of the UPSC Exam and is conducted by the UPSC. It consists of an interview of 250 marks which tests the candidate’s mental alertness, communication skills, leadership qualities, and other qualities related to the IPS.

At the end of the IPS selection process, the UPSC recommends a list of candidates to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) for appointment as IPS officers. The list is then sent to the President of India for approval and the selected candidates are appointed as IPS officers.

Age Limit

The eligibility criteria to become an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer after the 12th standard is stringent and requires dedication, hard work, and commitment. A major criterion for becoming an IPS officer is the age limit which must be fulfilled by applicants who wish to pursue the role. 

The age limit criterion to become an IPS officer after the 12th standard is that the applicant must be between the ages of 21 to 25 years when they apply for the civil services exams. This means that even if the applicant is 12th standard qualified, they must have turned at least 21 years of age when they apply for the examinations. 

Apart from the age limit, the applicant must also have a degree from a recognized university. The degree should be in any stream, such as humanities, social sciences, commerce, or science. Additionally, the applicant must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks in their degree examination and must have at least one year of education remaining in order to be eligible for the exams.

Candidates wanting to apply for the civil service exams must also have good written and communication skills. This is because the entire selection process is based on written tests and personal interviews. The applicants must also be physically and mentally fit.

It is important to note that the candidates must submit their applications within the prescribed date of registration and within the given age limit. If they fail to do so, their applications will be rejected. Thus, it is important to understand and fulfill the age limit criterion before applying for the IPS post after the 12th standard.

Physical Standards

For candidates aspiring to become an Indian Police Service (IPS) Officer, physical fitness is an essential requirement. The physical standards for a potential IPS officer have been laid out by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC). Physical fitness is evaluated by a Physical Efficiency Test (PET) which consists of both a medical test and a physical test.

The medical test includes a check of the candidate’s vision, which should meet the standards of 6/6 or 6/9 in one eye, without any glasses. The candidate must also have a weight-height ratio that is proportionate to his or her age and gender.

Further, a physical test is also conducted to evaluate the candidate’s physical fitness. In this test, the candidate must perform certain physical activities such as running, high jump, and long jump in a stipulated amount of time. Typically, the criteria for these activities are different for men and women, with women having lower performance criteria than men. For example, for the running test, men must cover 1600 meters in a given amount of time, whereas women must cover 800 meters in the same amount of time.

In addition to these physical tests, the candidate is also required to pass a medical fitness test which checks for any possible medical conditions such as diabetes and hypertension.

By meeting the physical standards set by the SSC, candidates can make strides toward fulfilling their dream of becoming an IPS Officer.

Other Requirements

Apart from the education qualifications and age requirements, there are a few other criteria that aspirants must meet to become eligible for the Indian Police Service Examination (IPS). The eligibility criteria for appearing for the IPS cover the physical, mental and psychological dimensions of the candidates. 

Physical Requirements: Candidates must have a minimum of 157 cm height for men and 150 cm height for women, with a chest measurement of 84 cm with an expansion of five cm. A candidate must also possess good physical endurance and agility.

Medical Requirements: Candidates must be medically fit and furnish a certificate of physical and mental health. The certificate should be issued by a recognized Medical Authority. This is done to ensure the candidate is physically, mentally, and psychologically fit to join the Civil Service.

Mental and Psychological Strength: Candidates must possess good psychological and mental strength. The exact requirements vary depending on the job profile. The candidate must have the necessary skills to handle any situation with calmness and composure. The candidate must possess the ability to take swift decisions in a highly stressful environment.

It is important for aspirants to remember that the selection process is rigorous and there is no substitute for hard work. Candidates must develop their physical, mental, and psychological capabilities to ensure success in the Indian Police Service Examination. This will not only help them in the selection process but also make them ready to take on the challenges and responsibilities of the job.

Selection Procedure

The selection process for becoming an IPS officer is extremely rigorous, with many steps and levels of competition. It is essential to be aware of each and every step in the process to ensure a successful candidacy.

The first step of the selection procedure is clearing the All India Preliminary Examination (AIPE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The exam comprises two parts – the objective type (MCQ) and the descriptive type. The objective part has a total of 120 questions, with each question carrying 2 marks. The maximum mark a candidate can obtain in this part is 240. The descriptive part consists of two papers, with each paper worth 100 marks and containing 2 essays, 2 precis, and 1 comprehension passage. The total marks for the descriptive papers are 200.

Once the candidate clears the AIPE, they must appear for the All India Mains Examination. This exam consists of a written essay paper, a general studies paper, and an optional paper. The essay paper is 250 marks and the general studies paper carries a total of 600 marks. 

The third step of the selection process is the Personality Test or Interview, which carries a total of 200 marks. In this stage, the candidate’s general aptitude and presence of mind are tested.

The final step in the selection procedure is the Medical Examination. The candidate must pass this stage to be eligible for IPS. Depending on the post applied for, the medical test may vary. 

It is essential to be aware of the entire selection procedure and make sure that the candidate follows each step to the best of their ability. With hard work and dedication, becoming an IPS officer is possible after the 12th standard.

Preliminary Examination

The Preliminary Examination is the first step in the process of becoming an IPS Officer after the 12th Standard. It is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The Examination consists of two papers – Paper I and Paper II.

Paper I: Paper I comprises objective-type questions. The paper is divided into two sections – General Studies and Aptitude Tests. The General Studies section consists of multiple-choice questions on topics such as Indian History, World History, Indian Geography, Economics, Current Affairs, and General Knowledge. The Aptitude Test section consists of questions on topics such as Mathematical Ability, English Language and Comprehension, Mental Ability, and Logic.

Paper II: Paper II comprises descriptive-type questions. This paper tests the candidate’s writing and analysis skills. The paper consists of essay writing on various topics, comprehension, and letter/report writing.

In order to prepare for the Preliminary Examination, candidates should attempt mock tests and sample papers. It is also important to build a strong foundation in General Studies and Aptitude Tests. Candidates should also focus on developing their writing and analysis skills. Additionally, reading newspapers and books on current affairs, Indian history, world history, and economics will help the candidate to be well-prepared for the exam. 

In conclusion, the Preliminary Examination is a crucial step in the IPS Officer selection process. Candidates should prepare thoroughly by attempting mock tests and sample papers, developing their writing and analysis skills, and reading newspapers and books. Doing so will help the candidate have a better chance of clearing the Preliminary Examination and progressing to the next stage of the selection process. 

Main Examination

Becoming an Indian Police Service (IPS) Officer is a highly prestigious and coveted role in India. Achieving this post requires a rigorous training and selection procedure. The first step is to pass the main examination, which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). This is a difficult and comprehensive exam held annually and requires a great deal of dedication and preparation to pass.

The main examination is divided into two papers, Paper I and Paper II. Paper, I am concerned with General Studies (GS) and cover areas such as Indian History, Indian & World Geography, Current Affairs, and General Science & Technology. It assesses the candidate’s knowledge, comprehension, and analytical and problem-solving skills. Paper II examines the candidate’s aptitude, attitude, and communication skills with respect to the Civil Services by testing their ability to write detailed essays, answer objective-type questions, and give interviews.

In order to prepare for the main examination, it is important to understand the UPSC syllabus, create and follow an effective study plan, and dedicate enough time to prepare. Candidates should also strive to stay up to date with the latest news and developments related to various topics covered in the UPSC syllabus. Additionally, candidates can refer to various coaching institutes and online resources for guidance and assistance.

Once the candidate is done with their preparations, they need to appear for the main examination and successfully clear it by scoring the minimum qualifying marks set by the UPSC. The main examination is followed by the Personality Test conducted by the UPSC, which assesses the candidate’s interpersonal and communication skills, decision-making ability, intellectual capacity, and overall suitability for the role. After clearing both the main examination and the Personality Test, the candidate can then proceed to the next step of the selection process.

Overall, clearing the main examination is the first step towards becoming an IPS officer after the 12th standard. A candidate who is dedicated and prepared can easily pass this exam and take the next step in their IPS career.


One of the most coveted professional paths that aspirants can pursue after clearing the 12th standard is a career as an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. Becoming an IPS officer requires preparation and dedication, as passing the highly competitive Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a challenging task. To ensure success, aspiring IPS officers should have a clear roadmap to navigating the preparatory process and subsequent interviews. 

1. Beginning the Preparatory Process

The first step to becoming an IPS officer after the 12th standard is to begin preparing for the CSE. The CSE consists of a written exam, an essay paper, a physical standards exam, and a personality test. In order to maximize your chances of success, you should aim to start preparation at least one year prior to the examination. This will give you sufficient time to cover the extensive syllabus and to practice for the interviews. You should also focus on key skills such as problem-solving, decision-making, and analytical abilities.

2. Making use of the Proper Resources

When preparing for the CSE, it is important to make use of the appropriate study materials. Apart from the official UPSC study material, you should be familiar with the local language, including grammar and usage. You should also refer to other competitive exams such as the SSC CGL, Bank PO, and other Civil service exams to get an idea of the exam pattern. Additionally, accessing online coaching classes can help build your academic knowledge and allow you to study more effectively.

3. Preparing for the Personality Test

The personality test is one of the most important components of the CSE process. It is designed to assess the candidate’s suitability for a career in civil service. To ensure success in the personality test, you should practice self-awareness and emotional intelligence. Additionally, develop your own personal style and learn to effectively communicate your opinions. This will help you showcase your qualities and competencies during the personality test.

4. Focusing on the Interview

The last step to becoming an IPS officer after the 12th standard is to prepare for the interview. The interview is designed to assess the candidate’s knowledge, leadership skills, and qualities. To ace the interview, you should be well prepared for the questions that could be asked. Additionally, practice for the interview by discussing topics related to current affairs and social issues. This will help you build your confidence and demonstrate your knowledge to the panel.

By following the steps outlined above, you can ensure success in the CSE and become an IPS officer after the 12th standard. With dedication and hard work, you can achieve your dream of serving the nation through the Indian Police Service.

Training and Service Rules

Once an aspiring candidate successfully clears the recruitment process for becoming an IPS officer, he/she is taken through rigorous and specialized training to prepare him/her for the service. The training consists of three key stages- the foundation course, the basic training, and the advanced training. Here is an overview of the stages of a typical IPS officer training.

Foundation Course:

The Foundation Course is designed to familiarize the cadets with the administrative affairs and the working of the IPS. It is conducted at the National Police Academy which is located in Hyderabad. The duration of the course is usually one year, and it consists of subjects like policing techniques, public order maintenance, criminal law, investigation techniques, leadership qualities, cyber crime, public relations, the criminal justice system, human rights, and much more.

Basic Training:

The Basic Training is conducted at the State Police Academy and is meant to equip the cadet with the necessary skills and knowledge of policing. It is divided into two parts- the In-Service Training and the Field Training. The former covers topics like criminal law, investigation techniques, forensic science, police administration, and more. The latter covers topics such as patrolling, public order maintenance, law and order situation, and more.

Advanced Training:

The Advanced Training is conducted at the National Police Academy and is usually spread over six months. It covers advanced topics such as Human Rights, Cybercrime, Information Technology, International Policing, and more. It also focuses on teaching the cadets advanced tactics and operations, leadership qualities, organizational management, and more.

After completing all the training, an IPS officer is usually posted at a police station, district, or state level for three years and then elevated to a higher post. This is also accompanied by mandated service rules that an IPS officer has to follow. These include ensuring the maintenance of public order, addressing the grievances of the public and helping them with their queries, conducting investigations effectively and efficiently, and more. An IPS officer also has to abide by certain discipline, conduct, and lifestyle guidelines. Thus, the training of an IPS officer is extremely crucial in preparing him/her for the service and ensuring that he/she is able to serve the nation in the best possible way.


Congratulations! You have made it to the end of this insightful article on becoming an IPS officer after the 12th standard. We hope that you have gathered all the information you need to understand the entire process. This is one of the most coveted and prestigious careers and requires dedication and hard work.

Apart from meeting the eligibility criteria, practicing for exams, and preparing for the interview, you must also be in tune with the current issues. Keeping abreast of the topics that are prevalent in the exam and the interview is a great way to make a good impression. Once you pass the exams and the interview and receive your appointment letter as an IPS officer, you will be required to go through rigorous training and make a commitment to serve the nation.

Becoming an IPS officer is a noble and respectable profession and one that should not be taken lightly. You must remember to always strive to achieve the highest levels of integrity and stay dedicated to your duties. We wish you the best of luck in your journey to becoming an IPS officer!

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